Monday, May 25, 2020

Report on Cultural Diversity Essay - 1630 Words

Running head: REPORT ON WALT KOWALSKI Report on Walt Kowalski Team B University of Phoenix Cultural Diversity and Special Populations BSHS 422 October 12, 2009 According to Kiosk (2006), â€Å"Culture is an important guiding force in individuals life and it shapes not only their perceptions, but their relationships with people and the world around them. Culture, in some ways, defines and organizes reality for people† (Kiosk, 2006). â€Å"An individual’s lifestyle, guiding beliefs and basic assumptions about life are also affected by culture† (Kiosk, 2006). Cultural diversity covers the entire range of the human experiences. The film Gran Torino is an excellent film that portrays the differences in culture. This film†¦show more content†¦Walt has to realize that he does not have to like everybody but he does need to be respectful of people as an individual and this will help him understand that his way is not the only way. Culturally Competent Strategies The cultural composition of America is rapidly changing. Researchers estimate that by the year 2050 more than half of the nation’s population is comprised of people from different ethnic and cultural minority groups (Guzman, Hill-Menson, Greve, 2007). The trend of greater cultural and ethnic diversity in America has resulted in a change in the cultural dynamics and complexities in many communities and neighborhoods across the country. Neighborhoods once segregated by race and ethnicity, such as Walt Kowalski’s, have become more diverse in both race and ethnicity. Despite an increase in the cultural makeup of many neighborhoods, racism, bias, and prejudice still exist in many (Guzman et. al., 2007). For this reason, many people like Walt Kowalski need to gain the necessary skills to develop cultural competence, allowing them to interact positively with people from other cultural backgrounds. One way to develop cultural competence for a ma n like Walt Kowalski is to assist him in gaining a better understanding of himself and the Asian culture of his neighbors. To help Walt better understand the root of his prejudice outlook, the writersShow MoreRelatedMulticulturalism Is An Essential Symbol Of The Canadian Heritage And Identity Essay1106 Words   |  5 PagesPromoting Multiculturalism: As it is considered that Canada’s officials policy of multiculturalism inspires a diversity of religions as part of the diversity of cultures. The multiculturalism Act 1988 proclaims that â€Å"Multiculturalism is an essential symbol of the Canadian heritage and identity.† The government and the public school system always give effort to promote the sense of multiculturalism. The ideals of the multiculturalism are helping the minorities to breathe their faiths and beliefsRead MoreA Letter From District Administrator1569 Words   |  7 Pagescommitment, we have formed a Strategic Diversity Planning team that consists of district and school administrators. The team reflected on the district mission, vision, student demographics, and performance data. Our extensive reflection revealed the need for improvement in educating each student. In response to the change in our student population and performance, the planning team volunteered countless hours of their time to cre ate this Strategic Diversity Plan. This strategic plan will ensureRead MoreThe Impact Of Workplace Diversity On The Workplace997 Words   |  4 Pages Workplace diversity is a term which describes the inclusion of people in the workplace regardless of their cultural differences such as gender, race and sexuality. Rather than disregarding them, diverse workplaces utilise these differences to widen the range of experiences and skills among their employees as stated by the Australian Breastfeeding Association (2012). Some professions, however, are more diverse than others. According to the Diversity Inclusion: Unlocking Global Potential - GlobalRead MoreCultural Values And Health Care1108 Words   |  5 Pages Cultural values in health care play a very important role in the outcome of ailment or diseases process of an individual. That is because people from the same culture share distinct characteristics which make them standout from members of other cultures. Those characteristics and values usually determine whether or not an individual seek professional care for the disease or comply with prescribed regimen, or care-plan. It i s therefore important to recognize a strong bond between cultural diversityRead MoreThe Importance Of Creating And Managing A Culturally Diverse Working Environment?1665 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction Maya Angelou, a famous African American poet, once said, â€Å"We all should know that diversity makes for a rich tapestry, and we must understand that all the threads of the tapestry are equal in value no matter what their colour,† (Angelou Johnson, 2014). This quote shows how cultural diversity is widely believed to be a benefit to society, but how do these benefits stretch to the context of a business? This review will be looking into literature surrounding the question, what are theRead MoreThe Ethical And Management Issues1593 Words   |  7 Pageshealthier, safer work environments. The purpose of this report is to Comment on the ethical and management issues raised by all three case studies (7-Eleven, ‘Are organisation’s exploiting ‘non-employees’’ and ‘New and challenging HRM issues in China and India’) and make recommendations for the future around business practices of employing and managing culture and diversity. This report was conducted through research analysis of textbooks, reports and articles found online, as well as the ‘painstakingRead MoreManaging Diversity Between Ethiopia And The United States Essay1464 Words   |  6 PagesManaging diversity in the workplace while working with people that belong to Ethiopian Culture Summary: Working with the same nationals is fairly easy, but, challenges occur when one works with employees that belong to different geographic locations or countries. In this report, the major focus is to analyze Ethiopia’s culture in terms of managing the workplace diversity while having the professional ties with the Ethiopian citizens. This report will highlight how the workplace diversity is managedRead MoreThe Current State Of The Cambodian Traditional Music Revival And The Large Impact Of Cultural Music Education1539 Words   |  7 PagesAlthough the scholarly research is able to see the current state of the Cambodian traditional music revival and the large impact of cultural music education, it fails to see the external benefits of this music that promotes â€Å"a culture of peace, global citizenship, and appreciation of cultural diversity and its contribution to sustainable development†.29 This cultural benefit is one of the biggest answers to the question of why this music education and the survival of traditional music is importantRead MoreCultural Diversity At The California College Of Arts1234 Words   |  5 PagesRunning head: CULTURAL DIVERSITY 1 CULTURAL DIVERSITY 6 Cultural diversity Name Professors Name Institution Date Introduction Cultural diversity has impacted the American Society and studies as well. It is important to encourage students to explore the diversity of culture in America and also understand how culture has changed the landscape. The essence of studying diversity in culture is to help students understand the global community interrelations and how ethnicity, raceRead MoreDiversity1703 Words   |  7 PagesDiversity in Canada August 23, 2011 Abstract In this paper I will be looking at diversity in Canada and how the term of diversity is used to refer to cultural differences, how it applies to all the qualities that make people different. Diversity is shown in mutual respect and appreciation of the similarities and differences such as age, culture, education, ethnicity, experience, gender, race, religion, and sexual orientation. An environment where diversity is respected is on whereas individuals

Thursday, May 14, 2020

American Pageant Chapter 3 - 1102 Words

Chapter 3 Settling the Northern Colonies 1619-1700 The Protestant Reformation Produces Puritanism Martin Luther . He declared that the Bible alone was the source of Gods words. He started the Protestant Reformation. John Calvin He spelled out his doctrine in 1536 called Institutes of the Christian Religion. He formed Calvinism. King Henry VIII formed the Protestant Church. There were a few people who wanted to see the process of taking Catholicism out of England occur more quickly. These people were called Puritans. A tiny group of Puritans, called Separatists, broke away from the Church of England. King James I had them exiled from England. The Pilgrims End Their Pilgrimage at Plymouth Separatists in Holland†¦show more content†¦They dethroned Catholic James II and enthroned the Protestant rulers of the Netherlands, the Dutch-born William III and his English wife, Mary, daughter of James II. In 1691, Massachusetts was made a royal colony. There was unrest in New York and Maryland from 1689-1691. Old Netherlands at New Netherland Late in the 16th Century, the Netherlands fought for and won its independence from Catholic Spain with the help of England. In the 17th Century, the Dutch (the Netherlands) became a power. Golden Age. It fought 3 great Anglo-Dutch naval battles. The Dutch Republic became a leading colonial power, with by far its greatest activity in the East Indies. The Dutch East India Company was nearly a state within a state and at one time supported an army of 10,000 men and a fleet of 190 ships, 40 of them men-of-war. This company hired an English explorer, Henry Hudson, to seek great riches. He sailed into the Delaware Bay and New York Bay in 1609 and then ascended the Hudson River. He filed a Dutch claim to a wooded and watered area. The Dutch West India Company was less powerful than the Dutch East India Company, and was based in the Caribbean. It was more interested in raiding than trading. In 1628, in raided a fleet of Spanish treasure ships and stole $15 million. The company established outposts in Africa and Brazil. In 1623-1624, the Dutch West India Company established NewShow MoreRelatedThe Photo Of A South Vietnamese Police Chief Executing A Guerrilla Fighter1269 Words   |  6 Pagesmemorable quotation in The American Pageant, can be found on page 934, â€Å"Hundreds of thousands of marchers filled the streets of New York, San Francisco, and other cities, chanting, Hell no, we won’t go and Hey, hey, LBJ how many kids did you kill today? Countless citizens felt the pinch of war-spawned inflation† (Page 934). There is no other memorable quotations from this era in The American Pageant. 3. Does the textbook answer the questions mentioned on p. 254 of Loewen’s chapter? If so what answersRead MoreEffects Of World War II On America Essay958 Words   |  4 Pagesinvade Poland. The American president was reluctant on entering the war because he was building allies in the western hemisphere and was focused on making life better on the home front. Tragedy struck America on the morning of December 7, 1941 when the Japanese conducted a surprise aerial attack against the United States naval base at pearl harbor. The lethal and deadly force of the attack spurred President Franklin Delano Roosevelt to realize it was time to enter the war. As American troops were beingRead MoreIs Beauty Is Everything?1691 Words   |  7 Pagesso called â€Å"Barbie princess look† is the way to look in order to succeed in life. Girls are taught from a very young age that looks are important; whether it from watching a Disney Princess movie, marketing and social media, or performin g in beauty pageants, looks are always the most important. What at first glance seems innocent and cute is actually a horrible problem that is affecting all women. The Disney princess movies portray young, skinny, and beautiful women who are showered with fame and menRead MoreThe American Pageant: 14th Edition Notes950 Words   |  4 PagesAPUSH American Pageant 14th edition Chapter 34 Notes (21 terms) 1. London economic conference (1933): a 16 nation economic conference organized to stabilize international currency rates. Franklin Roosevelt’s decision to revoke American participation contributed to a deepening world economic crisis. 2. Good neighbor policy: a departure from the Roosevelt corollary to the Monroe doctrine, the good neighbor policy stressed nonintervention in Latin America. It was begun by Herbert Hoover but associatedRead MoreEssay about Biography of President Thomas Jefferson1502 Words   |  7 PagesRevolution of 1800 [12].† This was a long, bitter election between Jefferson, a Democratic-Republican, and John Adams, a Federalist [12] [11] [1]. Jefferson attacked Adams and the policies he put through, which was also well-hated universally by Americans. Though, in the end – after a long and contentious election process [note 1] – Jefferson became the president, and Aaron Burr his vice president. Though, he wasn’t president yet. In Adam’s last days, he foresaw the fall of the Federalists in bothRead MoreThe Beginning Of The Civil War1289 Words   |  6 PagesWar was in fact about slavery and that slavery was an issue â€Å"resolved† by the Civil War. Yes t he war was initially about race and how the country â€Å"needed† to free slaves, David W. Blight states it, â€Å"The emancipationist vision, embodied in African Americans’ complex remembrance of their own freedom, their politics of radical Reconstruction, and in conceptions of the war as the reinvention of the republic and the liberation of blacks to citizenship and Constitutional equality† (Blight, 2). The writerRead MoreNathaniel Hawthorne s Writing Style Falls Under The Dark Romanticism1317 Words   |  6 PagesHester has as a single mother to Pearl due to his own life experiences. The intended audience for this novel is individuals who are feeling indifferent about the religious situation that they are in. Mr. Hawthrone seeks out his intended audience in 3 main ways. The first strategy he uses to reach this audience is by setting a solid foundation in the narration. Like Hawthorne’s other works, the book is told by a narrator who came across these documents centuries after the event occurred so we haveRead MoreThe Rise Of Mass Democracy1344 Words   |  6 PagesChapter 13 The Rise of Mass Democracy I. The â€Å"Corrupt Bargain† of 1824 i. After the Era of Good Feelings, politics was transformed. The big winner of this transformation was the common man. Specifically, the common white man as universal white manhood suffrage (all white men could vote) became the norm. ii. In the election of 1824, there were four towering candidates: Andrew Jackson of Tennessee, Henry Clay of Kentucky, William H. Crawford of Georgia, and John Q. Adams of Massachusetts. 1. All fourRead MoreThe Authors Of The American Pageant1950 Words   |  8 PagesSkill: Periodization- The authors of The American Pageant use 33,000 B.C.E. and 1769 C.E. as the beginnings and ending dates for â€Å"New World Beginnings.† but the first chronological period of study for the AP US History Exam is from 1491 to 1607, with the understanding that 1491 is a symbolic dates for pre-Columbian contacts in North America. As you read chapter 1, does 33,000 B.C.E., 1491, or some other date make the most sense to you as the beginning of this time period? Explain while citing relevantRead MoreDbq for American Imperialism3893 Words   |  16 Pageshistorians as a period of â€Å"selflessness† during which the United States helped weaker nations from dominant European powers and spread the â€Å"blessings of democracy and civilization.† Others have described the â€Å"New Manifest Destiny† as a time of â€Å"ruthless American expansion† at the co st of weaker nations and in violation of our own principles of consent of the governed and popular sovereignty. Using the documents, and your knowledge, how would you characterize this period of â€Å"Becoming a World Power†?

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The American Of An Asian American Male, Whose Parents Had...

The voice I have chosen to write about is of an Asian American Male, whose parents had â€Å"shipped† him to the United States to study. Johnny Nguyen was only thirteen years old when his parents informed him he was going to the United States to study in a middle school in New Jersey. Johnny knew that his parents would send him to the USA to get a better education, but he thought his parents would wait until he was ready to go to college. Johnny stated that the reason he was going to the states at a young age was that his Uncle was offered a job; thus, without informing Johnny, his parents prepared a student visa so Johnny can study and live with his Uncle. Johnny was now what he considered a parachute kid. Johnny stated, â€Å"Adjusting to life in the states was terrible because I wasn’t even in a town where the majority was an Asian population like other kids I had heard about.† Becoming accustomed to the American culture was difficult because his values and tr aditions were different. Johnny wanted to fit in, so he spent most of his time watching American TV, rather than studying, to learn about the American culture and behavior. In about a year or so, Johnny started to make friends. He became assimilated to American culture and did not want to follow his Vietnamese culture. Although Johnny respected his culture, he wanted to fit in with his friends to make his life easier and not feel lonely. He wanted to go back to Vietnam; however, his father would not allow for the sake ofShow MoreRelatedAbercrombie Fitch: an Upscale Sporting Goods Retailer Becomes a Leader in Trendy Apparel6425 Words   |  26 PagesPoles, Abercrombie Fitch goods were renowned for their durability and dependability. In 1992, a new management team began repositioning Abercrombie Fitch as a more fashion-oriented casual apparel business directed at 18 to 22 year-old male and female college students with a product assortment reflecting a youthful lifestyle based upon an East Coast heritage and Ivy League traditions. In 1998, the Company launched Abercrombie, a brand directed at seven to 14 year-old boys and girlsRead MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words   |  656 Pagesand Paul Buhle, eds., The New Left Revisited David M. Scobey, Empire City: The Making and Meaning of the New York City Landscape Gerda Lerner, Fireweed: A Political Autobiography Allida M. Black, ed., Modern American Queer History Eric Sandweiss, St. Louis: The Evolution of an American Urban Landscape Sam Wineburg, Historical Thinking and Other Unnatural Acts: Charting the Future of Teaching the Past Sharon Hartman Strom, Political Woman: Florence Luscomb and the Legacy of Radical Reform Read MoreSummary : Tigress 10460 Words   |  42 Pagesmeaning pointed or sharp and the Avestan tigrhi meaning an arrow, perhaps referring to the speed with which a tiger launches itself at its prey.[8] Evolution Tiger phylogenetic relationships Restoration of Panthera zdanskyi, an extinct relative whose oldest remains were found in northwest China, suggesting the origins of the tiger lineage The tiger s closest living relatives were previously thought to be the lion, leopard and jaguar, all of which are classified under the genus Panthera. A 2010Read MoreMandinka Empire21578 Words   |  87 PagesAfrican-American slave accent, and possibly a Mandinka accent, with other African accents, along with the colonial British accent layered in. The purpose of this paper is to consider the implications of an observation made about the practice of slavery in North America and to ask whether this view might be extended to the rest of the Americas. The observation is Philip Curtin’s conclusion, after sifting through the immense number of sources available to him, that â€Å"South Carolina planters . . . had strongRead MoreStatement of Purpose23848 Words   |  96 Pages.................... 31 African Studies...................................................................................................................... 31 Literature (American) ......................... .................................................................................. 33 Literature (English and American) ....................................................................................... 35 Literature (Medieval) ...........................................................Read MoreIntroduction to Marketing21178 Words   |  85 PagesINTRODUCTION TO MARKETING Current Marketing Fundamentals Course Web Site Background What is marketing? Almost every marketing textbook has a different definition of the term marketing. The American Marketing Association (AMA) uses the following: The process of planning and executing the conception, pricing, promotion, and distribution of ideas, goods, and services to create exchanges that satisfy individual and organizational objectives. From this definition, we see that: MarketingRead MoreThe Social Impact of Drug Abuse24406 Words   |  98 Pagesthe word, i.e. it comprehends not simply economic development but also sound environmental practices, social conditions and the meeting of basic needs. Part three describes some of the negative consequences that drug abuse and drug trafficking have had. It analyses alternative development in regions that are economically dependent on the illicit drug industry and includes moral and social considerations as they influence farmers and communities growing crops for the illicit drug industry. Part fourRead MoreKfc Marketing Strategies20155 Words   |  81 Pagesdepartment inquiries about the KFC/QSR/Franchising business. Is KFC listed in the Small Business Administration (SBA) Registry? Yes, the franchise registry ( is a national online listing of approved franchise systems whose franchisees will receive accelerated loan processing through the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA). Through this process, small business owners are provided with higher levels of service and quicker loans. Franchise systems not listed on theRead MoreDesigning a Customer Driven Statergy23698 Words   |  95 Pagesgeographical differences in needs and wants. Many companies today are localizing their products, advertising, promotion, and sales efforts to fit the needs of individual regions, cities, and even neighborhoods. For example, one consumer products company shipped additional cases of its low-calorie snack foods to stores in neighborhoods near Weight Watchers clinics. Kraft developed Post’s Fiesta Fruity Pebbles cereal for areas with high Hispanic populations. Coca-Cola developed four ready-to-drink canned coffeesRead MoreCase Studies67624 Words   |  271 Pagesmethod The case analysis method is based on a philosophy that combines knowledge acquisition with significant involvement from students as active learners. In the words of Alfred North Whitehead, this philosophy ‘rejects the doctrine that students had first learned passively, and then, having learned should apply knowledge’.3 In contrast to this philosophy, the case analysis method is based on principles that were elaborated upon by John Dewey: Only by wrestling with the conditions of this problem

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Great Awakening free essay sample

Although the Enlightenment Era was one of quarrel and question, The Great Awakening unified colonists and helped to set boundaries further In the separation of church and state. To better understand how this era came about it is important to know why it came about. During the sasss colonist were unhappy with how life was progressing. The Church of England had been established as the reigning church of the country. From a political standpoint having all the members of a society believe In one religion, made things easy, however this Idea did not sit well with the people.The dryness of he church and its old ways of teaching made its members feel complacent with no emotional attachment. With doubt and the ideas on Enlightenment spreading like wildfire, colonists began to now feel segregated from mainstream society. They also felt as if these Enlightenment ideals were allowing too much spiritual freedom with no emphasis on regular church attendance and rather on progression of the individual. Also the Church of England was recognized as the governing church; this meaning that the people came to an agreement that, that was the only religion that was allowed, consequently suppressing all other religions. Subsequently this event made everyone think everything was okay because when looking at it from a political stand point there seemed to be some type of solidity or order in society since everyone practiced the same religion. This however did not make things better instead it caused a uncritical satisfaction, like when you eat junk food to satisfy your hunger but in the long run, slowly but surely, its bad for your body and harms your body. After a few decades in the 18th century a young minister from Yale University named Johnathan Edwards declined to convert to the Church of England. Edwards felt that people were losing sight of what was really important. He felt that people lost their purpose in this world and instead they became excessively disturbed by the worldly materials around them. Edwards did not like what he saw and what the people were portraying and who they were becoming so he spoke out and said â€Å"God is an angry judge, and humans were sinners! † He spoke with so much irritation and rage that when he did speak people assembled and congregated to listen, thus igniting what we know as the First Great Awakening. The great awakening affected the American colonies in many ways. First and foremost George Whitefield played an important role in this great awakening. He was a minister from Britain who was ordained by the Church of England. He toured the American colonies from Georgia to New England. Every time Whitefield gave one of his sermons he spoke with such desire, hunger, and passion, that people would cluster in thousands to go see him and to hear him speak. Whitefield spoke so well that even Benjamin Franklin himself, a guy known for being religiously cynical, emptied his coin purse after hearing his sermon in Philadelphia. The awakening led to the creation of new colleges such as Princeton University. Despite the fact that all of this is happening, it seems to be some separation in America. This separation is being caused by the New Light ministers and the Old Light ministers. The New Light ministers, or awakening, were ministers who accepted the new style of worship, whereas the Old Light ministers refuse to agree to such new beliefs. Regardless of the conflict between the people, an unanticipated outcome that came from this was that religious toleration was accepted more widely, thus making it obvious that in an area there can be more than one religion without one dominating that area. The Great Awakening was the first main event that broke down dissimilarities between the colonies. Overall, the First Great Awakening left a permanent impact on American religion. It stemmed from influential evangelization that gave people some type of guilt felt deep inside and of their necessity of redemption by Christ, giving them a greater purpose to live for. The effects of Glorious Revolution in 1688 made religion something to pastime with and do the motions to during the religious services with no personal connection whatsoever, whereas the Great Awakening built a personal connection between religion and the average person and brought Christianity to African slaves. Although the awakening didn’t last for a long prepared of time, the Great Awakening was what prepared the colonies for the American Revolution. The American Revolution took place from 1775 to 1783. This was an event that was not at all associated with religion, which is a little shocking since it took place after the first great awakening. The Founding Fathers showed a great disapproval of the conjoining of religion and politics in the first amendment by instituting the parting of church and state. As a result of religion not be controlled by political leaders, revivals started up again. This leading to what we know as the second great awakening, taking place between the endings of the 18th century till the second half of the 19th century. In the beginning of the American Revolution there three main large dominations known, the Congregationalists, Anglicans, and Quakers. However as the second great awakening began Evangelical Methodism and Baptist were becoming very well-known and popular. The second great awakening took place all over the United States, however it was more exclusive in the Northeast and the Midwest. The Second Great Awakening manifested an essential transition in American religious life. The earlier American religious groups believed people could only be saved through salvation because of how wicked mankind is. However, the new movement was to place a greater emphasis on mankind ability to change who they are to be a better person. From this you can see that the first and the second great awakening both played a big role on America and the growth of Christianity. The first great awakening opened the people eyes that there might be a possibility that religion should be something that you have a personal connection to. It also opened the door for Americans to accept the American Revolution. Thus leading to the second great awakening that showed people that there are able to express themselves and have free-will.

Thursday, April 9, 2020

Victorian rugby league

Rugby is one of the biggest international sporting games in the world, and this is the case in Australia in which it is one of the three major football codes that dominate Australian sport. The origin of rugby can be traced back to times in which it was played at the eminent English public schools.Advertising We will write a custom case study sample on Victorian rugby league specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More It was introduced in Australia by Tom Wills in 1858 and since then, it has tremendously grown in terms of the number of players and those who love watching the game (ABS 2002, p.31). The game is played primarily during the winter season and the largest percentage of participants lie within the eastern states of Australia. The media plays a vital part in broadcasting the game to a wider audience across the globe; in 2009 alone the game was approximated to have attracted 128.5 million viewers (Davison Lawson 2006, p. 16). The Vi ctorian rugby league is a body in Australia that heads the rugby league sporting activities (Daly 2005, p. 68). Although this league has gained prominence in the country, it is worth noting that this was only possible after splitting from the rugby union. In addition, before 1924, the body comprised of members from other small bodies from different states which included three members from Queensland rugby league, and three from New South Wales rugby league (Davison Lawson 2006, p.17). Rugby League was started when clubs in North England separated from the rugby football union in 1895, creating the two different codes within the one sport (Cortis, Sawrikar Muir 2007, p. 28). The separation was due to disagreement between the working class and the higher socio economic class. The Victorian rugby league gained popularity in 1907, and new codes of the game from other states were imported and embraced in the region (Cortis, Sawrikar Muir 2007, p. 32). In 1924, the Australian rugby lea gue board of control was formed which later transformed to the Australian rugby league (Cameron MacDougall 2000, p. 123). The Australian rugby league is governed by a board which is made up of a partnership committee of six delegates who have the duty of administering all competitions of the league. The head of this body is appointed on a yearly basis. The league has complicated governance- comprising of representatives of the New South Wales rugby league, the Queensland rugby league, the national rugby league and the Australian rugby league. Each of these play a role of contributing ideas that are much needed to run the league (Davison Lawson 2006, p.14).Advertising Looking for case study on health medicine? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The league aims at supporting rugby in Australia and ensuring that it achieves the maximum potential of participation (Cameron MacDougall 2000, p. 63). It is also aimed at bringing the people in the communities together and aims at working harmoniously as they play the sport. Rugby is a sport that is perceived to be rough and many would refrain from participating due to fear of suffering both emotionally and physically. The league aims at ensuring that the environment surrounding the game is free of harm of players. The Australia rugby league comprises of thirteen part-time clubs which take part in the sport when the season starts in March every year (Cameron MacDougall 2000, p.120)The games are played every weekend till the end of September (Davison Lawson 2006, p.14). In 2008, a total of 423,584 Australians took part in rugby league competitions (Roberts 2008, p.105). Junior registration has seen a major increase in participation. Between the years 1999 and 2008 participation among junior members has grown from 79,000 to 120,667 (Roberts 2008, p.110). In senior groups, participation levels tend to reduce in the higher age groups due to the nature of the game w hich definitely calls for more physical strength and vigor. In terms of gender, the Australian rugby league has witnessed a much higher percentage in participation from men than women. The lack of women participation in the game is due to the masculine nature of the game which puts off the female gender (Daly 2005, p. 68). Although this is the case for the grownups, it is contrary in the case of the junior teams. There are many junior women who participate in this game. This has increased the likeability of the game among females in spite of the seemingly low participation levels especially at national and international tournaments (Cameron MacDougall 2000, p.125). Finances are crucial and will always be needed towards the growth of any organization. This also applies to the Australian rugby league. Most of the financial support for this league is provided by sponsors (Cortis, Sawrikar Muir 2007, p.16) For instance, it has been funded by Telstra and thereafter referred to as the n ational rugby league premiership (Cameron MacDougall 2000, p. 71). There are many other sponsors of the league alongside Telstra which include Toyota. Examples of other sponsors include Powerade who provide the rugby balls and AAMI who caters for the referees (Cortis, Sawrikar Muir 2007, p. 60). The league partners with all these organizations that have similar goals to excel and work together.Advertising We will write a custom case study sample on Victorian rugby league specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Australia is one of the locations around the globe where rugby league has been powerful and achieved great success (Daly 2005, p.26). By 1980, the league was popular enough at the grass roots level, that it was able to expand to other regions of Australia and spread Rugby league to areas which hadn’t seen Rugby League before (Cameron MacDougall 2000, p. 38). This was due to the rules set that were to be followed by all t he stakeholders- to let the game expand. The league has put in place a process of solving any emerging challenges. There is also a set code of conduct that ensures uniformity and elimination of any mistreatment of the parties involved. Strengths and opportunities Weaknesses and Threats The media saw the potential in the league and more focus was put on its performance by portraying it as an inefficient business but which could be rationalized (Cortis, Sawrikar Muir 2007, p. 28). As a result of consistent focus by the media, it led to attraction of a large number of audience (Cameron MacDougall 2000, p.123). It is also imperative to note that the Australian rugby league has developed convenient ways of communication like the one-stop shop which contains contacts, information and downloads on all the activities of the league (Cortis, Sawrikar Muir 2007, p.12) Organizations like rugby unions are a threat to the league since most of the players move from the league to the union and also provide a close competition to the league. The success of a league in any sport is determined mainly by the players. The Victorian league has many talented players who come from the state and as such, there is a large pool of players who can participate in the teams. Most of them have grown into competent and dependable players across the world. Due to great talents at the disposal of the league, it is easy to constitute the strongest team possible. Just like the players, the league has many fans that strengthen it through their support, and so expansion of the game across Victoria is imperative for the growth of the Victorian rugby league (Cortis, Sawrikar Muir 2007, p. 28). In Australia, the rugby league has played a significant role in ensuring that the game is played by all the members of the community at all age groups. The management of the league has put in place a countrywide training program for rugby players drawn from all levels (Cameron MacDougall 2000, p. 38) The recruitment test is relatively short and quite easy for those joining the team.Advertising Looking for case study on health medicine? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The media plays a huge part in the promotion of the sport across the state. Television rights and broadcasting at different times at night factor the wider audiences that view the sport. It looms as an opportunity for a television rights deal that has the potential to attract the millions of people across Victoria that would have otherwise not been exposed to Rugby League. The greater opportunity there is for people to view the sport, the greater the interest and support for games and participation, which would ultimately lead to a stronger league – participation wise and financially. There are many indigenous players in the national rugby league which is also one of the main objectives of the league (Daly 2005, p.36). This provides a good opportunity to expand the sport into indigenous regions in Australia, and to promote multi culture mentality and bring communities together. It has been able to address some of the community’s problems such as personal development of the young generation, by providing them with a sport that promotes exercise and allows for the social benefits of kids playing together and making friends with each other. Apart from working with community members, it has close links with some of the local organizations which are benefiting the local community (Davison Lawson 2006, p. 13). The league has promoted peace among states but racism still exists. In the process, there are those players or teams which are discriminated on the basis of their social background. This is a setback to the growth of the league although it is not widespread as it is the case in other sports (ABS 2002, p.12). There are still set objectives of the league which have not been achieved and as such, the league has to come up with guidelines on how the competitive level of the game can be improved (Davison Lawson 2006, p. 24). The governance of the league has been faced by setbacks such as the presence of administrators with state-based interests at t he expense of developing sports. This calls for an independent body which will help in strengthening the league both now and in the future. In spite of the strengths and opportunities highlighted above, there are still weaknesses and threats. For instance, discipline is a crucial element among players in any game and it is equally required in rugby. In the past, most of the Victorian league’s players have been featured in the media for the wrong reasons like lack of discipline. The Victorian league has strong traditions and cultures which compel it to resist changes and improvements that are required in the team from time to time. For example, most of the old players are retained for long not giving the young and innovative players a chance to participate as players. This issue has been a great setback to the league and has threatened its existence and success. Victoria is a state which is dominated by AFL, and by which, the Victorian rugby league is forever resisting the thr eat of losing players at the grass roots level as well as intermediate and professional level to the sporting code. This also looms as an opportunity however, to expand a sport in which Rugby League is a rare opportunity for kids in Victoria to participate a sport which is different. Conclusion and recommendations The Australian rugby league has been a success in achieving many of its goals though there are still setbacks which are impeding its growth. In terms of achievements, the league has been able to eliminate any harassment of stakeholders bearing in mind that the codes of conduct have been revised and have to be adhered to at all levels of participation. On the eradication of racism, it is has been quite a success although more emphasis on better codes of conduct are required. In addition, lack of an independent leadership system is still a setback since leaders’ decisions are based on their interests and not that of the leagues. The competition from other organization s is a threat to the league in the future. The training and performance capability of the team should be improved in order to outwit competition in both local and international matches. Due to competition, players join other organizations in search of favorable conditions. The state of losing players to other organizations can be reduced by creation of better remuneration plans for players. This will curb the challenge of losing players to other competitive leagues and teams across the board. References ABS, 2002, Social Capital and Social Wellbeing, Australian Bureau of Statistics, Sydney. Cameron, M. MacDougall, C 2000, Crime Prevention through Sport and Physical Activity, Australian Institute of Criminology, Sydney. Cortis, N., Sawrikar, P. Muir, K 2007, Participation in sport and recreation by culturally and linguistically diverse women, Social Policy Research Centre, University of New South Wales. Daly, S 2005, Social Capital and the Cultural Sector: Literature Review prepar ed for the Department of Culture, Media and Sport, London School of Economics, London. Davison, K Lawson, C 2006, â€Å"Do attributes in the physical environment influence children’s physical activity?† International Journal of Behavioural Nutrition and Physical Activity, vol. 3 no.19, pp.1-17. Roberts, M 2008, Great Australian Sporting Moments: Great Australian Sporting Moments, Melbourne University Publishing, Melbourne. This case study on Victorian rugby league was written and submitted by user Damion Rivera to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Monday, March 9, 2020


Expectations are crucial in determining the success of government policy on unemployment and inflation. Whatever people expect to happen, their actions will tend to make it happen. At the time that economic agents-households, firms, the government make choices, they are generally uncertain about the future. Assumptions about how these agents form expectations for the future shape the properties of any dynamic economic model. Great debates have gone on among economists and psychologists in recent years over the ways that economic agents actually formulate their expectations about their future and the ways that macroeconomists should assume they do this in their theoretical models. To make economic decisions in an uncertain environment agents must forecast such variables as future rates of inflation, tax rates, government subsidy schemes and regulations. A business firm contemplating an investment needs to know the future path of income that will result from the investment. However future earnings can be estimated only with considerable uncertainty. If there is a boom in the future, then the future earnings may be high and vice versa. But the actual exact future state of the economy is virtually unknowable. This is why households and firms have to formulate some expectations about the future in order to make choices. Indeed, they must often cope with complex assessments of the relative likelihood of many different possible events- the educated guesses that households have to make about the future value of income for example. >From a macroeconomic perspective expectation may well determine beliefs such as that an expansion of money supply will merely lead to inflation (the monetarist position), then it will. Firms and workers will adjust their prices and wages upwards. Firms will make no plans to expand output and will make no plans to expand output and will not take on any more labour. If, however, people believe that an expansion o...

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Labor Relations & Deregulation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words

Labor Relations & Deregulation - Essay Example Between 1978 and 1985, wages for airline mechanics fell significantly. Deregulation led to increase of computerization in the air industry. This was commonly used in cutting down transaction costs on the airline industry. It led to massive unemployment since computers replaced most of human labor (Kaps, 15). One of the major benefits of airline deregulations was the fact that employees who had lost their jobs during the deregulation phase, enjoyed greater unemployment benefits that were provided to them in the 1978 Act. This was included in order to appease the workers. On the other hand, airline companies improved benefits for their customers while increasing competition among airline service providers (Kaps, 18). Airline labor union bargaining powers became reduced after the deregulation. Before the deregulation, the union managed to advocate for wage inrease, efficient and friendly working rules and working conditions. After the deregulation, many workers faced improper and harsh working conditions and rules. These workers also faced irregular job losses. In conclusion, airline workers found themselves having fewer jobs and high demand on their productivity. The airline labor union role and powers were diminished and regulated. While the airline industry has become more productive and affordable to its consumers, laborers have lost jobs and wages and benefits reduced (Kaps,